Midtveisevaluering av doktorgrad om "klimaflyktninger"

Environmental Change and Human Rights: International and Regional Legal Dynamics for the Protection of Environmentally Displaced Persons 

Ph.d-kandidat Isabel Borges presenterer sitt doktorgradsprosjekt, og jeg kommenterer på det.

Tid og sted: 24. sep. 2014 15:00 - 16:30,
Cort Adelers gate 30, møterommet under kantinen, underetasjen

Fra Isabel Borges' egen beskrivelse av prosjektet: 
Today it is estimated that by 2050 the number of environmentally displaced persons (EDPs) will be between 50 and 200 million, either within their own countries or across the borders, on a permanent or temporary basis. In this context, cross-border displacement stemming from environmental change has been identified as a “legal protection gap” in the international protection regime. The present study aims at enriching the current discussion and narrowing the EDPs “legal protection gap”. By drawing from the relevant legal international and regional legal texts, international case law and academic writings, the study aims to explain and systemize the legal obligations which are valid in the international legal sphere on the international protection of persons facing threats from the environment. Given the limitations of the current international protection framework (that has been traditionally geared towards the narrow class of those fleeing political persecution under the 1951 Refugee Convention), we ultimately survey the European regional legal framework in particular the system of complementary protection and its potential to protect EDPs.

Mads Andenæs, Institutt for Privatrett/UiO.
Kommentator på midtveisevalueringen:
Vikram Kolmannskog

Første del av midtveisevalueringen er åpen for alle interesserte.

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On 24th January, I gave two trial lectures and defended my doctoral thesis for the degree Dr. Philos. in Sociology of Law at the University of Oslo.

Every year millions are forced to flee their homes in the context of disasters associated with climate change and natural hazards. This thesis seeks to help secure real rights for those displaced. In order to do so, I explore the lives and rights of displaced people through interviews with them, government officials, UN actors and others. I also analyse relevant formal law.

The Introduction (“kappa”) of the doctoral is available

Information about the trial lectures and defence is available

In the media:

Climate refugees hard hit by unclear laws, ScienceNordic, 14 May 2014.

Klimaflyktning i lov og praksis, Morgenbladet, 24 January 2014.

Klimaflyktninger rammes hardt av uklare lover, forskning.no, 17 April 2014

Klimaflyktninger rammes hardt av uklare lover, UiO.no, 25 April 2014.

Ny artikkel om "klimaflyktninger"

A paper of mine that was recently published in the International Journal of Social Science Studies, discusses the protection of Somalis who were displaced to Kenya and Egypt during the 2011 and 2012 drought. The full paper is available online here.

Natural hazard-related disasters, including those associated with climate change, displace millions of people. Those displaced across international state borders face particular challenges with regards to legal status and rights protection. This paper discusses to what extent, and how, this group of displaced people are protected, and indicates how their protection can be further strengthened. The discussion draws on case studies of Somalis displaced to Kenya and Egypt during the 2011 and 2012 drought. Appreciation of the contextual vulnerability in disasters and the multi-causality of displacement can, and should, inform the interpretation of the refugee concept(s). In Kenya, for example, all Somalis were given refugee status on a prima facie group basis due to the presence of generalised violence as well as drought in their home country. In Egypt, the decision-makers operated with a different understanding and practice, and many Somalis risked falling outside the refugee definition(s). Beyond getting a formal refugee status recognition, however, there may also be protection issues related to formal law such as restrictions on inter alia the right to work and freedom of movement, as well as issues related to operational capacity and resources such as lack of shelter and security. A series of extra-legal factors must be given due consideration both to ensure that the protection capacity of existing law is employed to its fullest and that new legal and policy developments become effective.

What Gestalt Approaches can Contribute to Climate Change Transformation

The Journal of Sustainable Development recently published a paper I wrote on what Gestalt approaches can contribute to climate change transformation. It is available here.

With the realization that some climate change is inevitable regardless of mitigation efforts, the recognition of the importance of climate change adaptation and transformation has increased. As a first attempt to link Gestalt approaches and climate change transformation, this paper discusses certain Gestalt concepts that are of relevance to, and may enrich, the concept of climate change transformation in general and transformational adaptation in the Dadaab refugee camps in the semi-arid Kenyan-Somali border area in particular.